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Apgar scoring

APGAR SCORING

The Apgar score was devised in 1952 by Dr. Virginia Apgar. Is a simple method to assess the health of newborn children immediately after childbirth. It has the 5 criteria (Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, Respiration). The test is generally done at 1 and 5 minutes after birth, and may be repeated later if the score is and remains low.

 

SCORES:

-generally normal: 7 to 10,

-fairly low: 4 to 6 ,

-critically low: 3 and below.

 

  0 1 2
Apperance (Skin color/Complexion)
blue all over
blue at extremities body pink
pink
Pulse (Pulse rate)
<60
>60 but <100
>100
Grimace (Reflex irritability)
no response to stimulation
grimace/feeble cry when stimulated
sneeze/cough/pulls
Activity (Muscle tone)
none
some flexion
active movement
Respirations (Breathing)
absent
weak or irregular
normal

 

 

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